Our pdf Material Safety Data Sheets have been created as an effective resource for use in your workplace. You can easily download these PDF MSDS documents and print any or all of the pages as needed. These pdf material safety data sheets (msds) will allow you to be sure that your workplace is safe and that you are taking the correct precautions when handling these products.
A material safety data sheet known as an MSDS contains information on identification, physical/chemical properties, hazards, Canadian occupational exposure limits, control measures, protective equipment, and response to hazardous materials spills. __MSDS for bulk chemicals or consumables are available on MSDSonline.
About the book Material Safety Data Sheets
What is an MSDS?
MSDS are reference documents. They are basically a one stop shop for everything you need or want to know about a chemical. They are used around the world to convey detailed information about a chemical, how it should be used, its effects, how to protect against those effects, what regulations apply to the chemical, and other information.
The MSDS provides information about the hazards of a product and how the material can be handled, used, and stored safely. It includes information on physical and chemical properties, physical and health hazards, routes of exposure, precautions for safe handling and use, emergency and first aid procedures, and control measures.
The MSDS serves as a reference point for the management of hazardous chemicals in the workplace. The information in an MSDS helps select safe products, helps employers and employees handle products safely, and serves as a regulatory framework.
Typically, an MSDS has 16 sections, each with a fixed title. According to the GHS, the information on the MSDS must be presented using the following 16 headings:1.
Identification of the product and the company2.
Identification of hazards3.
Composition/information on ingredients4.
First aid measures5.
Fire fighting measures 6.
Accidental Release Measures7.
Handling and storage8.
Exposure Controls/Personal Protection9.
Physical and chemical properties 10.
Stability and reactivity11.
Management, safety and practical applications for the use of essential oils
MSDS - Material Safety Data Sheets (now commonly known as SDS, Safety Data Sheets)
The suppliers, manufacturers and importers that make up the supply chain of essential oils to the aromatherapist and, ultimately, to the client, are in charge of preparing the MSDS. Every time an oil is repackaged or relabeled, an MSDS must be prepared and additional relevant information must be provided before moving on to the next customer in the supply chain. When a chemical is supplied to the general public at retail, by mail order, or as free samples and prizes, an MSDS is only required if the purchaser intends to use that chemical on the job, if the chemical is classified as dangerous for supply (according to CHIP 2 regulations) or if the buyer requests a safety data sheet. For most practical situations, packaging and labeling will provide sufficient information for safe use. the labeling ofaromatherapyoils and blends is described in Chapter 7.
A typical MSDS is shown foreucalyptus gumin Figure 8.1 and provides a very comprehensive range of information about the oil. The example is provided by a UK oil provider and shows that a trusted provider can provide high quality relevant data. There are a number of features included that are explained elsewhere in this book, i.e. Specific Gravity, LD50, GRAS, CHIP regulations, Flash Point, RIFM, Hazard Symbols, R Phrase and S Phrase. In addition, there are other acronyms that should be identified.•
CAS - Chemical Abstracts Service Numberis a US-based service that provides a summary of articles and papers in the scientific and chemical literature related to the chemical properties of a compound or substance. Each substance is assigned a code number and a summary of the information can be found under this code.•
FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agencyis a US-based organization that provides disaster management plans, services and assistance.•
FDA - Food and Drug Administration Agencyis again a US-based government organization whose mission is to promote and protect public health by helping bring safe and effective products to market in a timely manner and by monitoring the ongoing safety of products after use . Provides a combination of law and science designed to protect consumers.•
INCI – International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredientsis a document prepared in response to the EC Cosmetic Products Directive and produces an inventory of fragrance ingredients (perfumes and aromatic raw materials). The lists are representative of the basic materials used in perfumes and aromatic compositions. The lists were mainly compiled based on information provided by the EFFA (European Flavor and Fragrance Association). They constitute the inventory of fragrance ingredients. Fragrance ingredients do not need a common nomenclature because the fragrance or its ingredients must be indicated on the labels with the words "perfume" or "flavor". Thus, the information on the identity of these substances consists of a chemical name that identifies the substances in the clearest possible way. Such a system already exists in the 'acquis communautaire', ie the EINECS Inventory (European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances) and ELINCS (European List of Notified Chemical Substances). Chemicals can be uniquely described with a chemical name, CAS number, and EINECS number.
Restrictions on the use of a particular ingredient are identified. The restrictions are defined in the directive itself or in the IFRA (International Fragrance Association) code of practice. These restrictions may take the form of a quantitative limitation (expressed as a percentage of the final product or as a concentration for skin application), or the ingredient may have to meet certain specifications or may only be used in conjunction with certain specified ingredients. . These substances are marked with an asterisk * for IFRA restrictions or with two asterisks ** for restrictions in the Cosmetics Directive.
In the fragrance inventory, various qualities of a given ingredient, such asgeraniol, were not recorded separately; the same applies to different qualities of natural products with the same botanical origin. Orange oils from Brazil, Florida, California, etc., concentrated or not, are listed under a single entry, ie 'extracts of sweet orange CAS8028-48-6, EINECS 232–433-8'. This heading is defined as “Extractives and their physically modified derivatives, such as dyes, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins,terpenes, fractions free of terpenes, distillates, residues, etc. obtained fromcitrus sinensis, rutáceas'.•
The Research Institute for Fragrance Materials (RIFM) is a US-based body that has an ongoing program to test fragrance ingredients, including essential oils. The research follows strict scientific guidelines from independent experts. Information is collected and evaluated by a committee of experts on all aspects of chemical fragrance safety, composition, and applications. The reports are then transmitted to the IFRA (International Fragrance Association) and passed on to its members in regular 'IFRA Updates'. RIFM reports safety test results for essential oils and chemicals used in fragrances in the Raw Materials Monographs. Monographs usually include data on acute oral and dermal toxicity,skin irritation and sensitizationand phototoxicity. A new volume of them is published every few years by Elsevier Science. Their role is to provide international links and encourage adherence to a code of practice within the perfume industry and to ensure that safety issues are regularly addressed.•
IFRA – International Fragrance Association is based in Geneva and was founded in 1973. It represents the collective interests of the fragrance industry worldwide. Established and seeks to preserve self-regulatory practices through the development and implementation of a Code of Practices and Safety Guidelines used internationally, with the ultimate goal of protecting consumers and the environment. Guidelines for the use of fragrance materials are established by applying available scientific data and enforcing these guidelines. IFRA reviews and analyzes relevant pending legislation and regulations and disseminates information and recommendations to members and other international organisations. Monitoring legislative trends around the world is one of its main missions, along with promoting a consistent approach and understanding essential for global cooperation. Its guidelines, in addition to the Code of Practice, cover categories such as quality control, storage, handling, labeling and packaging, use, and safety standards for fragrances. The link between the work of the RIFM and the IFRA was described whereby the IFRA distributes advisory updates for the use of materials based on the RIFM reports.
Much of IFRA's work is relevant to essential oils used in aromatherapy and it is a highly respected organization. While it is primarily targeted at the fragrance industry, it also has significant safety concerns for aromatherapy. For example, in 1998, the IFRA recommended that the compound methyl eugenol not be used as a fragrance ingredient, as research had shown it to be a carcinogen in mice. He stated that the restriction does not currently apply to essential oils containing methyl eugenol. A formal statement should be issued after additional scientific research related to natural methyl eugenol. is an important componentMelaleuca bracteata(a type of tea tree known as black tea tree). There are chemotypes of methyl eugenol forholy basilmiCinnamon in long panicle, but are generally not commercially available. However, it is sometimes present as a residual component in basil, cinnamon bark, lemongrass, rose, and ylang ylang oils.
A final regulatory body that has implications for aromatherapy is the MHRA.•
MHRA – Medicines and Health Products Regulatory Agency (formerly MCA – Medicines Control Agency). A UK-based regulatory body responsible for the Medicines Act. It has drug and food categories and looks for herbal products (in the Traditional Herbal Products Directive introduced in 2005) and other materials used in complementary health.
The agency is part of the Department of Health and is responsible for protecting public health by ensuring that all medicines on the UK market meet acceptable standards. For a medicine to be marketed, it must have a Product License, which is granted when the MHRA has investigated and received advice from other bodies such as the Medicines Committee, the Medicines Safety Committee and the Surgical and Dental Supplies Committee . . When the medicine meets the standards of the Medicines Act or the relevant EU legislation, a license is granted. The license stipulates the administration format (cream, lotion, tablet), specific diseases and conditions that it can treat, type of person suitable for its use, dose and time. Essential oils are not medicines in the context of the Medicines Law and have not received product licenses.